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What is BioGenoMEL?

BioGenoMEL is a consortium for the pooling of data and samples to identify genes and environmental exposures that predict risk of relapse from melanoma. Our hypothesis is that survival is determined by an interaction between the tumour, the host, and the host's environment. To achieve sufficient statistical power we are integrating the resources of groups from across the world.

The consortium will build on the highly successful work of GenoMEL www.genomel.eu in identifying susceptibility genes.

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This website is supported by a grant from SCaRF

JULY NEWS

Prof. Julia Newton Bishop
BioGenoMEL's Coordinator becomes a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences
Professor Julia Newton Bishop, BioGenoMEL's Coordinator, has been elected to the Fellowship of the Academy of Medical Sciences. Academy Fellows are elected for excellence in medical research, innovative application of scientific knowledge or conspicuous service to healthcare. Julia has received this Fellowship for her contribution to understanding the genetics of melanoma. Congratulations!

Posted on 21 July 2014 | 2:56 pm by The Editor

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MAY NEWS


Embroidery artwork
Knowing your skin
BioGenoMEL's coordinator, Prof. Julia Newton Bishop, is involved in an exciting new project investigating our relationship with the sun via embroidery. More details of this project, led by artist Gabrielle Miller, can be found on the project website here.

Flag of the Land of Valencia
Joint BioGenoMEL/GenoMEL meeting
Over 60 researchers attended the recent joint meeting with a full programme of talks and activities. Our thanks go to Dr. Eduardo Nagore and the Fundacion Instituto de Oncologia for hosting an excellent meeting.


Posted on 13 May 2014 | 11:33 am by The Editor

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FEBRUARY NEWS

The International Journal of Cancer
New BioGenoMEL paper!
The IJC have e-published a new paper entitled, 'Inherited variation in the PARP1 gene and survival from melanoma'. This paper reports an association between an inherited variant close to the PARP1 gene and survival in 11 BioGenoMEL melanoma cohorts.









Posted on 19 February 2014 | 2:03 pm by The Editor

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DECEMBER NEWS

Journal
New BioGenoMEL paper!
Pigment Cell and Melanoma Research have epublished a new paper entitled, 'An inherited variant in the gene coding for vitamin D binding protein and survival from cutaneous melanoma: a BioGenoMEL study'. This paper uses Mendelian randomisation to investigate a possible relationship between vitamin D status and outcome.

Posted on 11 December 2013 | 3:09 pm by The Editor

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NOVEMBER NEWS


NCRI Conference 2013



BioGenoMEL poster at the 2013 NCRI Conference
A poster from our researchers in Leeds and Cambridge is featuring at this year's National Cancer Research Institute conference. Entitled, 'Newly identified melanoma susceptibility genes in families highlight the importance of the telomere in melanoma carcinogenesis and prognosis', it reports further understanding of genetic variation in the telomerase reverse transcriptase gene (TERT) and its role in melanoma.

Posted on 4 November 2013 | 3:09 pm by The Editor

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JULY NEWS




Flag of the United States

 The joint BioGenoMEL - GenoMEL meeting, 26-28 June, 2013
This recent joint meeting was a great success. Several new projects were launched with on-going projects making pleasing progress. We are very grateful to the Abramson Cancer Center and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the University of Pennsylvania for their support.

Flag of Spain

The 2014 meeting
Courtesy of Dr. Eduardo Nagore and his group, our next meeting will be in Valencia, Spain! The dates will be announced in due course.

info@biogenomel.eu

Posted on 9 July 2013 | 5:33 pm by The Editor

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MAY NEWS



Flag of the United States

 The joint BioGenoMEL - GenoMEL meeting, 26-28 June, 2013
The joint meeting in Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, is rapidly approaching. For more information please contact info@biogenomel.eu

Posted on 7 May 2013 | 4:25 pm by The Editor

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FEBRUARY NEWS

The CDK4 protein


New CDK4 paper
Professor Anders Molven, of the University of Bergen in Norway, has led an international collaboration to study all known families with rare germline mutations in the CDK4 gene that increase the risk of developing melanoma. This study has involved numerous BioGenoMEL researchers and has now resulted in an open access paper in the Journal of Medical Genetics. This paper is a tribute to the families that participated in the research and the willingness of the researchers to collaborate. The paper is available from the journal's website.

Posted on 12 February 2013 | 12:17 pm by The Editor

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DECEMBER NEWS

The River Cam in Cambridge

Cambridge meeting
BioGenoMEL recently held a successful meeting in Cambridge, UK.  Over 20 researchers attended from across Europe.


Website update
The BioGenoMEL website's privacy policy has been updated to better explain our use of Google Analytics to monitor visitor numbers. Google Analytics works by placing a 'cookie' on the user's computer so that it can tell the difference between a first time visitor and a returning visitor. The policy now gives details of how to opt out of Google Analytics.

Posted on 4 December 2012 | 2:33 pm by The Editor

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OCTOBER NEWS

Picture of cookies
A different kind of cookie*


Website privacy policy
The BioGenoMEL website's privacy policy has been updated to better explain our use of Google Analytics to monitor visitor numbers and usage. Google Analytics works by placing a 'cookie' on the user's computer so that it can tell the difference between a first time visitor and a returning visitor. The policy now gives details of how to opt out of Google Analytics.

*Image courtesy of Robert Cochrane/FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Posted on 24 September 2012 | 1:38 pm by The Editor

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SEPTEMBER NEWS

Clin Cancer Res 2012 Aug 18(15) 4026-36, Figure 1

New paper from the Lund Group
Our Lund group have published a new paper in Clinical Cancer Research entitled, 'Molecular Profiling Reveals Low- and High-Grade Forms of Melanoma'. The paper provides evidence for a molecular organisation within melanomas which is preserved across all stages of the disease.







info@biogenomel.eu

Posted on 4 September 2012 | 4:11 pm by The Editor

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AUGUST NEWS

The River Cam in Cambridge


The next BioGenoMEL meeting
Our next meeting will be in Cambridge, 26-27 November. Please email info@biogenomel.eu with any attendance queries.

Melanoma Matters
The Melanoma Matters website currently features an article by Prof Julia Newton Bishop and speaks about BioGenoMEL's work in understanding host / tumour interaction.

Commentary in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology
BioGenoMEL members Dr Remco van Doorn and Dr Nelleke Gruis have written a commentary concerning a recently published association between MC1R genotype and congenital melanocytic nevi.

Posted on 24 July 2012 | 12:00 pm by The Editor

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JULY NEWS

Nelleke Gruis and colleagues receiving awards
Dr. Nelleke Gruis, one of BioGenoMEL's Dutch members, has played an important role in creating a smartphone app called 'Huidmonitor' (Dutch for skin monitor) to easily check suspicious moles. This app has just won the 2012 health award and the audience prize at the Health app Awards in the Netherlands. Congratulations to everyone involved! For more information please see the Artsennet website.

Posted on 28 June 2012 | 2:14 pm by The Editor

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JUNE NEWS

Owl Sculpture at Weetwood Hall

Recent meeting
Thank you to everyone who attended the recent BioGenoMEL meeting at Weetwood Hall in Leeds. Over 30 researchers came together for a busy two days of presentations and discussions.



Posted on 6 June 2012 | 1:07 pm by The Editor

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APRIL NEWS


MC1R signpost



New BioGenoMEL paper
The BioGenoMEL paper, "Inherited variants in the MC1R gene and survival from cutaneous melanoma" is now available online from the Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research website.
The paper reports BioGenoMEL's pooling of data across multiple patient cohorts and is a great credit to the consortium. Congratulations to all the BioGenoMEL members who were involved.

May meeting
The next meeting for BioGenoMEL members will be in Leeds, 14-15 May. Please email info@biogenomel.eu with any attendance queries.





Posted on 17 April 2012 | 12:23 pm by The Editor

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MARCH NEWS



The next BioGenoMEL meeting
The next meeting for BioGenoMEL members will be in Leeds at Weetwood Hall, 14-15 May. Please email info@biogenomel.eu with any attendance queries.

Posted on 9 March 2012 | 4:05 pm by The Editor

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JANUARY NEWS




New grant
The Leeds group has obtained a grant from Yorkshire Cancer Research, the UK's largest regional medical research charity, for a project entitled, 'BioGenoMEL - understanding the genetic and environmental modifiers of survival for melanoma patients'. This is a 'pump prime' award to integrate data and build a cancer analysis database.

info@biogenomel.eu

Posted on 5 January 2012 | 11:52 am by The Editor

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NEWS OCTOBER 2011



Brussels Meeting 21-22 November
The next BioGenoMEL meeting will be in Brussels on the 21 and 22 November. The Monday afternoon will be an open session dedicated to exploring the future of melanoma outcome research. If you would like to be involved please email info@biogenomel.eu


WUN Award
BioGenoMEL has received a grant from the Worldwide Universities Network (WUN) Leeds Fund for International Research Collaborations (FIRC). This award will support meetings, scientific exchanges and the development of this website.

Posted on 28 October 2011 | 2:25 pm by The Editor

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NEWS SEPTEMBER 2011



New paper
Last month BioGenoMEL's Leeds group had an epublication with the journal Cancer Causes and Control. They report a study of vitamin D levels in melanoma patients and healthy individuals. The majority of the participants were found to have low levels of vitamin D. Levels were particularly low in sun sensitive individuals. Inherited genetic variants were also associated with vitamin D levels. To read the paper follow this link.

To contact BioGenoMEL please email info@biogenomel.eu

Posted on 31 August 2011 | 4:06 pm by The Editor

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NEWS AUGUST 2011

BioGenoMEL's next meeting is scheduled for 21-22nd November in Brussels.
Further details will follow soon.

To contact BioGenoMEL please email info@biogenomel.eu

Posted on 5 August 2011 | 5:34 pm by The Editor

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NEWS MAY 2011


A very successful meeting was held at Weetwood Hall in Leeds on the 16 and 17 May. Over 30 people attended from across Europe and the USA. We are grateful to GenoMEL and the University of Leeds for supporting the meeting.

Posted on 18 May 2011 | 4:16 pm by The Editor

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NEWS APRIL 2011

The owl is a civic symbol of Leeds.

May Meeting
The next BioGenoMEL meeting will be in Leeds, UK 16th-17th May.

New NCCN guidelines
The US National Comprehensive Cancer Network has released new guidelines for melanoma patients. They can be accessed for free at www.nccn.com


For more informational about BioGenoMEL please contact info@biogenomel.eu

Posted on 17 March 2011 | 3:29 pm by The Editor

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NEWS FEBRUARY 2011


May Meeting
The next BioGenoMEL meeting will be in Leeds, UK 16th-17th May.


BioGenoMEL's vice-coordinator
We are pleased to announce that Dr Remco van Doorn has become the vice coordinator of BioGenoMEL. Dr van Doorn is a dermatologist at Leiden University Medical Center.


For more information about bioGenoMEL please contact info@biogenomel.eu





The owl is a civic symbol of Leeds.

Posted on 11 February 2011 | 5:01 pm by The Editor

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NEWS DECEMBER 2010


December Meeting
The next BioGenoMEL meeting will be in Leiden, the Netherlands 13th-14th December.

Funding
We are currently seeking funding to support this new initiative and would welcome enquiries from potential sponsors.

For more information please contact info@biogenomel.eu

With kind regards
Professor Julia Newton Bishop
The University of Leeds

Posted on 28 October 2010 | 4:30 pm by The Editor

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This site was created by NKD Ltd

Glossary

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Associated
When two things are associated they are connected or joined in some way. It may be that one thing causes the other but they could be linked in some other way. For instance, if both things were caused by a separate, third thing.
Clinical geneticist
A doctor concerned with the care of people with genetic conditions.
Dermatologist
A specialist 'skin' doctor.
Freckle
A small brown patch on the skin that becomes darker following exposure to sunlight. Freckles can vary from light brown to dark brown, and are often found on the cheeks and across the bridge of the nose.
Genes
Genes are pieces of genetic 'code': they are the instructions or recipes that our bodies use for growth and repair.
GenoMEL
The Melanoma Genetics Consortium: an international, collaborative organisation researching the genetics of melanoma.
High-risk genes
Particular genes can make us more susceptible to diseases. If we have changes in them called mutations, and if the mutation significantly increase the risk of a disease (as compared to someone who does not have a mutation in the gene), it is called a high-risk gene.
IU
International Units
Melanoma
Melanoma is a form of cancer that develops from the pigment producing cells of the skin. If untreated it can spread through the body and is potentially fatal.
Microgram
A microgram (mcg) is a millionth of a gram.
Mutations
Mutations are changes or faults in our genes. Sometimes mutations can increase our chances of developing a disease.
nmol/L
nmol/L stands for nanomoles per litre. A nanomole is an extremely small unit of measurement.
Nervous system tumours
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves and other structures that control our bodies. A tumour is an abnormal growth, which can be cancerous (having the potential to spread around the body) or benign (the growth remains in a single spot but may continue to grow in size).
Pancreas
The pancreas is a gland that lies behind the stomach. It produces digestive juices and controls blood sugar levels.
Risk
We are using the word risk to mean the chances of something happening. For example, if something is more likely to happen to John than to Peter then John is at greater risk than Peter.
SPF
Sun Protection Factor
UVA
UVA is a form of ultraviolet radiation. It is sometimes called long wave UV or black light.
Uveal melanoma
Uveal melanoma is a melanoma that occurs either in the coloured part of the eye (the iris) or other tissues nearby. It is a rare type of cancer.
UV Index
The UV index is a measurement of how much ultraviolet radiation is reaching a particular place at a given time. UV index forecasts are sometimes given as part of weather reports.

References

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Physician Information References
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How common is the atypical mole syndrome phenotype in apparently sporadic melanoma?
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8245266?dopt=Abstract
2. Cutler, C., W. Foulkes, J.-S. Brunet, et al.,
Cutaneous malignant melanoma in women is uncommonly associated with a family history of melanoma in first-degree relatives: a case control study.
Melanoma Research, 1996. 6: p. 435-440.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9013481?dopt=Abstract
3. Aitken, J.F., D.L. Duffy, A. Green, et al.,
Heterogeneity of melanoma risk in families of melanoma patients.
American Journal of Epidemiology, 1994. 140(11): p. 961-973.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7985658?dopt=Abstract
4. Bataille, V., R. Hiles, and J. Newton Bishop,
Retinoblastoma, melanoma and the atypical mole syndrome.
British Journal of Dermatology, 1995. 60: p. 622-626.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7756125?dopt=Abstract
5. Traboulsi, E.I., L.E. Zimmerman, and H.J. Manz,
Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Survivors of Heritable Retinoblastoma.
Arch Ophthalmology, 1988. 106: p. 1059-1061.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3041943?dopt=Abstract
6. McKusick, V.,
Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man.
2002.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim/dd>
7. Li, F.P. and J.F. Fraumeni Jr,
Soft-Tissue Sarcomas, Breast Cancer, and other Neoplasms. A Familial Syndrome? Ann.
Intern. Med., 1969. 71: p. 747-752.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5360287?dopt=Abstract
8. Santibanez-Koref, M.F., J.M. Birch, A.L. Hartley, et al.,
p53 germline mutations in Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
Lancet, 1991. 338: p. 1490-1491.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1683921?dopt=Abstract
9. Travis, L.B., R.E. Curtis, H. Storm, et al.,
Risk of second malignant neoplasms among long-term survivors of testicular cancer.
J Natl Cancer Inst, 1997. 89(19): p. 1429-39.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9326912?dopt=Abstract
10. Paunu, N., E. Pukkala, P. Laippala, et al.,
Cancer incidence in families with multiple glioma patients.
Int J Cancer, 2002. 97(6): p. 819-22.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11857361?dopt=Abstract
11. Hisada, M., R.J. Biggar, M.H. Greene, et al.,
Solid tumors after chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Blood, 2001. 98(6): p. 1979-81.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11535538?dopt=Abstract
12. Harland, M, R. Meloni, N. Gruis, et al.,
Germline mutations of the CDKN2 gene in UK melanoma families, in Human Molecular Genetics.
1997. p. 2061-2067.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9328469?dopt=Abstract
13. Harland, M., E.A. Holland, P. Ghiorzo, et al.,
Mutation screening of the CDKN2A promoter in melanoma families.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer, 2000. 28(1): p. 45-57.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10738302?dopt=Abstract
14. Harland, M., S. Mistry, D.T. Bishop, et al.,
A deep intronic mutation in CDKN2A is associated with disease in a subset of melanoma pedigrees.
Hum Mol Genet, 2001. 10(23): p. 2679-86.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11726555?dopt=Abstract
15. Newton Bishop, J.A., M. Harland, D.C. Bennett, et al.,
Mutation testing in melanoma families: INK4A, CDK4 and INK4D.
Br J Cancer, 1999. 80(1-2): p. 295-300.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10390011?dopt=Abstract
16. Bergman, W., P. Watson, J. de Jong, et al.,
Systemic cancer and the FAMMM syndrome.
British Journal of Cancer, 1990. 61: p. 932-936.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2372499?dopt=Abstract
17. Lynch, H.T. and R.M. Fusaro,
Pancreatic cancer and the familial atypical multiple mole melanoma (FAMMM) syndrome.
Pancreas, 1991. 6(2): p. 127-131.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1886881?dopt=Abstract
18. Zuo, L., J. Weger, Q. Yang, et al.,
Germline mutations in the p16INK4a binding domain of CDK4 in familial melanoma.
Nature Genetics, 1996. 12(1): p. 97-99.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8528263?dopt=Abstract
19. Randerson-Moor, J.A., M. Harland, S. Williams, et al.,
A germline deletion of p14(ARF) but not CDKN2A in a melanoma-neural system tumour syndrome family.
Hum Mol Genet, 2001. 10(1): p. 55-62.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11136714
20. Valverde, P., E. Healy, I. Jackson, et al.,
Variants of the melanocyte stimulating hormone receptor gene are associated with red hair and fair skin in humans.
Nature Gentics, 1995. 11: p. 328-330.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7581459?dopt=Abstract
21. Bastiaens, M., J. ter Huurne, N. Gruis, et al.,
The melanocortin-1-receptor gene is the major freckle gene.
Hum Mol Genet, 2001. 10(16): p. 1701-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11487574?dopt=Abstract
22. Valverde, P., E. Healy, S. Sikkink, et al.,
The Asp84Glu variant of the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) is associated with melanoma.
Human Molec Genet, 1996. 5(10): p. 1663-1666.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8894704?dopt=Abstract
23. Palmer, J.S., D.L. Duffy, N.F. Box, et al.,
Melanocortin-1 receptor polymorphisms and risk of melanoma: is the association explained solely by pigmentation phenotype?
Am J Hum Genet, 2000. 66(1): p. 176-86.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10631149?dopt=Abstract
24. Winsey, S.L., N.A. Haldar, H.P. Marsh, et al.,
A variant within the DNA repair gene XRCC3 is associated with the development of melanoma skin cancer.
Cancer Res, 2000. 60(20): p. 5612-6.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11059748?dopt=Abstract
25. Shahbazi, M., V. Pravica, N. Nasreen, et al.,
Association between functional polymorphism in EGF gene and malignant melanoma.
Lancet, 2002. 359(9304): p. 397-401.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11844511?dopt=Abstract
26. Clark, W.H., Jr., R.R. Reimer, M. Greene, et al.,
Origin of familial malignant melanomas from heritable melanocytic lesions. 'The B-K mole syndrome'.
Arch Dermatol, 1978. 114(5): p. 732-8.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/646394?dopt=Abstract
27. Newton Bishop, J., M. Harland, R. Wachsmuth, et al.,
Genotype/phenotype and penetrance studies in melanoma families with germline CDKN2A mutations.
J Invest Dermatol, 2000. 114: p. 28-33.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10620111?dopt=Abstract
28. Bishop, D.T., F. Demenais, A.M. Goldstein, et al.,
Geographical variation in the penetrance of CDKN2A mutations for melanoma.
J Natl Cancer Inst, 2002. 94(12): p. 894-903.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12072543?dopt=Abstract
Consortium Information References
1. Harland, M., et al.,
Mutation screening of the CDKN2A promoter in melanoma families.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer, 2000. 28(1): p. 45-57.
2. Pollock PM, et al.,
Mutation analysis of the CDKN2A promoter in Australian melanoma families.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2001 32(1):p 89-94.
3. Liu, L., et al.,
Mutation of the CDKN2A5'UTR creates an aberrant initiation codon and predisposes to melanoma.
Nature Genetics, 1999. 21: p. 1-5.
4. Harland, M., et al.,
A deep intronic mutation in CDKN2A is associated with disease in a subset of melanoma pedigrees.
Hum Mol Genet, 2001. 10(23): p. 2679-86.
5. Randerson-Moor, J.A., et al.,
A germline deletion of p14(ARF) but not CDKN2A in a melanoma-neural system tumour syndrome family.
Hum Mol Genet, 2001. 10(1): p. 55-62.
6. Rizos, H., et al.,
A melanoma-associated germline mutation in exon 1beta inactivates p14ARF.
Oncogene, 2001. 20(39): p. 5543-7.
7. Gillanders, E., et al.,
Localization of a novel melanoma susceptibility locus to 1p22.
Am J Hum Genet, 2003. 73(2): p. 301-13.
8. Bishop, D.T., et al.,
Geographical variation in the penetrance of CDKN2A mutations for melanoma.
J Natl Cancer Inst, 2002. 94(12): p. 894-903.
9. Wachsmuth, R.C., et al.,
Heritability and gene-environment interactions for melanocytic nevus density examined in a U.K. adolescent twin study.
J Invest Dermatol, 2001. 117(2): p. 348-52.
10. Newton Bishop, J., et al.,
Genotype/phenotype and penetrance studies in melanoma families with germline CDKN2A mutations.
J Invest Dermatol, 2000. 114: p. 28-33.